Manajemen Nyeri Non Farmakologi Post Operasi Dengan Terapi Spiritual “Doa dan Dzikir”: A Literature Review

Tina Muzaenah, Ari Budiati Sri Hidayati

Abstract


Manajemen nyeri sangat penting bagi pasien bedah untuk mencegah efek samping nyeri post operasi dan memfasilitasi pemulihan. Manajemen nyeri non farmakologi mengurangi efek emosional dari nyeri, meningkatkan penyesuaian dan membuat pasien percaya dapat mengendalikan rasa nyerinya, sehingga mengurangi nyeri dan meningkatkan tidur. Melakukan literature review terhadap artikel-artikel yang meneliti tentang menejemen nyeri non farmakologi pada pasien post operasi dengan terapi spiritual “doa dan dzikir”. Menggunakan database dengan penelusuran elektronik pada Google, Google Scholar dan PubMed yang dipublikasikan pada tahun 2013-2018. Lima artikel dipakai dalam review. Tiga artikel menyebutkan manajemen nyeri non farmakologi dengan membaca doa dan dzikir: melafalkan bacaan Tasbih 33 kali, Tahmid 33 kali, Takbir 33 kali, Tahlil 33 kali, Alhauqalah 33 kali selama 10-15 menit atau 30 menit. Diawali dengan melakukan tehnik napas dalam selama 5 menit atau membaca dzikir Hazrate Zahra (menyebut nama “Allah”) 100 kali. Dilanjutkan membaca surat Al-fatihah dan  diakhiri doa menghilangkan rasa sakit 7 kali. Dipraktikkan dengan posisi duduk/berbaring dengan nyaman, dengan mata tertutup. Dua artikel lain dengan mendengarkan doa "Ya man esmoho davaa va zekroho shafa, Allahomma salle ala mohammad va ale mohammad" selama 20 menit pada post operasi atau pembacaan doa salawat syifa ' dan dzikir pada intraoperasi. Doa dan dzikir adalah teknik non farmakologi berbiaya rendah, mudah, nyaman dilakukan kapanpun dan dimanapun, tidak memiliki efek samping. Membaca doa dan dzikir maupun mendengarkannya terbukti menurunkan intensitas nyeri post operasi

 


Keywords


Manajemen nyeri non farmakologi; Post operasi; Terapi spiritual; Doa dan dzikir

References


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DOI: 10.30595/hmj.v4i3.8022

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ISSN: 2620-567X