REAKTUALISASI HUKUM ISLAM DI INDONESIA (ANALISIS TERHADAP TEORI HUDŪD MUHAMMAD SYAHRUR)

hendri hermawan adinugraha

Abstract


The purpose of this study is to describe contemporary Islamic legal thought of Muhammad Syahrur with the limit theory (hudūd) in re-actualizing Islamic law and then correlated with the development of Islamic law in Indonesia. This research method used a literature approach that was still relevant to the reform of Islamic law in Indonesia based on Syahrur’s perspective. The result of literature study already showed that the re-actualizing of Islamic law with Syahrur’s linguistic approach in studying the Qur’an has been highly dependent on the socio-cultural context. Syahrur considered the need for reinterpretation of the Qur’anic texts in synchronizing the texts with the reality of society whenever and wherever. The limit theory of Syahrur has been an interpretation’s result of language and mathematical integration analysis in understanding the verses of the law, through the theory of this limit, Syahrur tried to apply the muhkamat texts into the reality of life with its limitations. The laws in the Qur’an according to him were elastic that be able to drawn and adapted into the context of place and age. Contextualization of Syahrur’s limit theory as the basis for legal reform in Indonesia can be proved in the matter of inheritance, the concept of determining zakat, the constraints of aurat, polygamy, and Islamic criminal law.


Keywords


reaktualisasi, hukum Islam, teori batas, dan Muhammad Syahrur.

References


Abdullah, M. Amin. 1995. “Telaah Hermeneutis terhadap Masyarakat Muslim Indonesia”, dalam Muhammad Wahyuni Nafis (ed.), Kontekstualisasi Ajaran Islam, 70 Tahun Prof. Dr. Munawir Sjadzali, MA. Jakarta: Paramadina.

______. 2004. “Paradigma Alternaftif Pengembangan Ushul Fiqh dan Dampaknya pada Fiqh Kontemporer”. Dalam Riyanta, Dkk (Editor). Neo Ushul Fiqh: Menuju Ijtihad Kontekstual. Yogyakarta: Fakultas Syariah Press-Forum Studi Hukum Islam (FSHI) IAIN Sunan Kalijaga.

Al-Suyuti, Asbah wa al-Nazair. Indonesia: Dar al-Ihya al-Kutub al-Arabiyah, t.t.

Andawati. 2016. “Hakikat Interpretasi Muhammad Syahrur tentang Poligami dan Relevansinya dengan Hukum Perkawinan Nasional”. Al-Risalah: Jurnal Hukum Keluarga Islam. Vol. II. No. 2.

Azizy, A. Qodri. 2002. Eklektisisme Hukum Nasional: Kompetisi antara Hukum Islam dan Hukum Umum. Yogyakarta: Gama Media.

Basya, M. Hilaly. 2005. “Mendialogkan Teks Agama dengan Makna Zaman” jurnal al-Huda, volume III, nomor 11.

Burhanudin. 2003. “Artikulasi Teori Batas (Nazariyyah al-Hudūd) Muhammad Syahrur dalam pengembangan Epistemologi Hukum Islam di Indonesia” dalam Syamsuddin, Sahiron. Dkk. Hermeneutika al-Qur’an Mazhab Yogya. Yogyakarta: Penerbit Islamika.

Christman, Andrea (Ed.). 2009. The Quran, Morality and Critical Reason: The Essential Muhammad Sahrur. Leiden Boston: Brill.

Esha, M. In’am. 2003. “M. Syahrur: Teori Batas” dalam A. Khudhori Saleh. Pemikiran Islam Kontemporer. Yogyakarta: Jendela.

http://www.shahrour.org.

Ilyas, Yunahar. 2006. “Reaktualisasi Ajaran Islam, Studi atas Pemikiran Hukum Munawir Sjadzali”. Yogyakarta: Jurnal Al-Jamiah, UIN Sunan Kalijaga Vol. 44. Number 1.

Malik, Abdul. 2017. “Tafsir Al-Qur’an Paradigma Integratif: Studi atas Qira’ah Althaniyah Muhammad Syahrur”. Jurnal Al-A’raf. Vol. XIV. No. 1.

Mu’allim, Amir dan Yusdani. 2001. Konfigurasi Pemikiran Hukum Islam, Cet. II. Yogyakarta: UII Press.

Nasution, Harun. 1996. Pembaharuan dalam Islam: Sejarah Pemikiran dan Gerakan, Cet. XII. Jakarta: Bulan Bintang.

Nur, Tahmid. 2017. “Kontekstualisasi Keadilan dalam Hukum Qisas”. Jurnal Tahmid. Dikutip dari http://iainpalopo.ac.id/files/Jurnal-Tahmid---KONTEKSTUALISASI-KEADILAN-DALAM-HUKUM-QISAS.pdf

Rohidin. 2014. “Relevansi Teori Batas Muhammad Syahrur Sebagai Basis Pembaharuan Hukum Kewarisan di Indonesia”. Laporan Penelitian. Yogyakarta: Fakultas Hukum Universitas Islam Indonesia.

Shah, M. Aunul Abied dan Hakim Taufiq. 2001. Tafsir Ayat-Ayat Gender dalam al-Quran: Tinjauan terhadap Pemikiran Muhammad Syahrur dalam “Bacaan Kontemporer” Dalam M. Aunul Abied Shah (Editor) et.al. Islam Garda Depan: Mosaik Pemikiran Islam Timur Tengah. Bandung: Mizan.

Siti Aminah. “Teori Hudūd dan Penerapannya Terhadap Ayat-Ayat Gender (Studi Kritis Terhadap Pemikiran Muhammad Shahrur dalam al-Kitab wa al-Qur’an Qira’ah Mu’ashirah). Jurnal Ummul Qura. Vol III, No. 2.

Sumardi, Dedy. 2011. “Hudûd dan HAM: Artikulasi Penggolongan Hudûd Abdullahi Ahmed An-Na’im”. Jurnal Miqot. Vol. XXXV. No. 2.

Syafe’I, Zakaria. 2016 “Kontekstualisasi Hukum Islam tentang Konversi Agama (Riddah) di Indonesia”. Jurnal Al-Qalam. Vol. 33. No. 1.

Syahrur, Muhammad. 1990. Al-Kitab wa Al-Qur’an: Qira’ah Mu’ashirah. Damaskus: Dar al-Ahali.

______. 2000. Nahwa Ushul Jadidah Li al-Fiqh al-Islami. Damaskus: Al-Ahali,

Syamsudin, M. Din. 1993. “Mengapa Pembaharuan Islam”. Jurnal Ulumul Qur`an, Nomor I. Vol. IV.

Syarif, Muhammad Ibrahim. 1982. Ittijahat al-Tajdid fi al-Tafsir al-Qur’an al-Karim fi Mishr. Kairo: Dar al-Turast.

Unatin. 2009. “Aplikasi Teori Hudūd Muhammad Syahrur dalam Penentuan Zakat”. Skripsi. Semarang: Jurusan Mu’amalah Fakultas syari’ah Institut Agama Islam Negeri Walisongo.


Full Text: PDF (Bahasa Indonesia) PDF

DOI: 10.30595/islamadina.v19i1.2174

Copyright (c) 2018 ISLAMADINA

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

ISSN: 2580-5096