Penerapan Teknologi Pengendalian Penyakit Tanaman Yang Ramah Lingkungan Pada Tembakau

Endang Mugiastuti, Loekas Soesanto, Abdul Manan

Abstract


Tobacco is one of the most important plants which were cultivated by Farmers Groups "Darma Mukti Tani I" and "Karya Tani" of Wangon District, Banyumas Regency. However, several obstacles often interfere with the production of tobacco, including quite high tobacco pests and diseases. Socialization of  plant pests diseases management by using Trichoderma sp. and Pseudomonas fluorescens biopesticides, needs to be done. The activity aimed was to increase knowledge and skills of farmers on pests and diseases in tobacco and their management measures with biological pesticides. Issues addressed farmers partners with several technology solution, which was conducted by the transfer of technology through education, training, demonstration plots, and mentoring. Dissemination activities were able to increase their knowledge of pests and diseases, their control, and the control of environmental friendly as 58,82, 62,5, and 67.67%, respectively. The training activities of P. fluorescens exploration was able to improve their ability as 166.67%. Propagation activity and application training could improve their ability for 100 and 73,33%, respectively. The training activities of Trichoderma sp. exploration were able to improve their ability as 94,44%, while the propagation and application training could improve their ability, respectively, as 73,33 and 88.23%. Application of biological pesticides P. fluorescens and Trichoderma sp. at demonstration plot was able to increase growth and reduced the intensity of bacterial and fusarium wilt disease by 40-50%.

Keywords: Tobacco, technology transfer, pests and diseases, biological control.


Keywords


Tobacco; technology transfer; pests and diseases; biological control

References


Ahmadzadeh, M. &Tehrani, A.S. (2009). Evaluation of fluorescent pseudomonads for plant growth promotion, antifungal activity against Rhizoctonia solani on common bean, and biocontrol potential, Biological Control 48(2):101-107.

Balai Penelitian Tanaman Pemanis dan Serat. (2017). Budidaya Tembakau Temanggung. Online. http://perkebunan.litbang.pertanian.go.id/?p=17679 diakses tanggal 2 September 2017

Dinas Perkebunan dan Kehutanan Kabupaten Bayumas. (2015). Luas dan Produksi Tanaman Perkebunan di Kabupaten Banyumas.

Direktorat Jenderal Perkebunan. (2014). Statistik Perkebunan Indonesia 2013-2015. Tembakau. Direktorat Jenderal Perkebunan, Jakarta.

Kementerian Pertanian. (2014). Outlook Komoditi Tembakau. Sekretariat Jenderal Kementerian Pertanian, Jakarta.

Lumintang, F.M. (2013). Analisis pendapatan petani padi di Desa Teep Kecamatan Langowan Timur. Jurnal EMBA 1(3): 991-998.

Manan, A. & E. Mugiastuti. (2005). Potensi Jamur parasit dan pestisida Nabati Untuk Mengendalikan nematoda Globodera rostochiensis Pada Tanaman Kentang. Laporan Penelitian. Fakultas Pertanian Unsoed, Purwokerto.

Raaijmakers, J.M. & Weller, D.M.. (1998). Natural plant protection by 2,4-diacetylphloroglucinol-producing Pseudomonas spp. In take-all decline soils. Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions 11:144-152.

Rahayuniati, R.F. & Kurniawan, R.E.K. (2008). Ketahanan Tanaman Lada Terhadap Penyakit Busuk Pangkal Batang: Aplikasi Bahan Organik dan Jamur Antagonis. Laporan Penelitian Dosen Muda. Dikti.

Rahayuniati, R.F. & Mugiastuti E. (2009). Pemanfaatan Jamur Antagonis dan Pupuk Organik Untuk Mengendalikan Penyakit layu Fusrium Tomat. Jurnal Pembangunan Pedesaan 9(1).

Santoso, S.E., Soesanto L. & Haryanto, T.A.D. (2007). Penekanan hayati penyakit moler pada bawang merah dengan Trichodermaharzianum, Trichodermakoningii, dan Pseudomonas fluorescens P60. Jurnal Hama dan Penyakit Tumbuhan Tropika 7(1): 53-61.

Setiadji, B., Maryanto, J., Susilo, B.S., Rif’an, M., & B. Warsito. (2009). Studi Potensi Lahan untuk Pengembangan Tanaman Tembakau dan Cengkeh di Kabupaten Banyumas. Laporan Hasil Penelitian. Fakultas Pertanian Unsoed Purwokerto

Soesanto, L. (2000). Ecological and Biological Control of Verticillium dahliae. Ph.D. Thesis. Wageningen University, Wageningen. 120 p.

Soesanto, L. (2013). Pengantar Pengendalian Hayati Penyakit Tanaman. PT. Raja Grafindo Persada. Jakarta.

Soesanto, L. &Rahayuniati, R.F. (2009). Pengimbasan ketahanan bibit pisang Ambon Kuning terhadap penyakit layu Fusarium dengan beberapa jamur antagonis. Jurnal HPT Tropika 9(2): 130–140.

Soesanto, L., Mugiastuti, E.&Rahayuniati, R.F. (2009). Perakitan Biopestisida Pseudomonas fluorescens P60 sebagai Agensia Hayati Penyakit Tanaman untuk Meningkatkan Produksi Tanaman. Laporan Penelitian Hibah Kompetensi Tahun I. Universitas Jenderal Soedirman, Purwokerto.

Soesanto, L., Mugiastuti,E.&Rahayuniati R.F. (2010). Kajian mekanisme antagonis Pseudomonasfluorescens P60 terhadap Fusarium oxysporumf.sp. lycopersici pada tanaman tomat in vivo. Jurnal Hama dan Penyakit Tumbuhan Tropika 10(2): 108-115.

Soesanto, L., Mugiastuti, E.&Rahayuniati, R.F. (2011). Perakitan Biopestisida Pseudomonas fluorescens P60 sebagai Agensia Hayati Penyakit Tanaman untuk Meningkatkan Produksi Tanaman. Laporan Penelitian Hibah Kompetensi Tahun III. Universitas Jenderal Soedirman, Purwokerto.

Soesanto, L., Mugiastuti, E. & Prakoso, B. (2014). Perakitan Biopestisida Trichoderma spp.sebagai Agensia Hayati Penyakit Tanaman untuk Meningkatkan Produksi Tanaman. Laporan Penelitian Hibah Kompetensi Tahun II. Universitas Jenderal Soedirman, Purwokerto.

Widyastuti, S.M. (2004). Pengembangan dan Aplikasi Mikroba Antagonis dari Patogen Tumbuhan. Makalah Pelatihan Pengendalian Hayati, UM, Yogyakartta


Full Text: FULL TEXT PDF

DOI: 10.30595/jppm.v2i2.1793

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

ISSN: 2549-8347