Gardening Therapy: Alternatif Tindakan Dalam Mencegah Progresivitas Demensia Pada Lansia di Panti Wreda

Rita Hadi Widyastuti, Megah Andriany, Sarah Ulliya, Nurullya Rachma

Abstract


Prevalensi penderita demensia semakin meningkat. Orang dengan Demensia juga mengalami perubahan tingkah laku seperti delusi, halusinasi, depresi, kerusakan fungsi tubuh, cemas, disorientasi spasial, ketidakmampuan melakukan tindakan yang berarti, tidak dapat melakukan aktivitas sehari-hari secara mandiri, melawan, marah, agitasi, apatis dan kabur dari tempat tinggal. Alternatif solusi yang dapat digunakan untuk mencegah progresifitas demensia pada lansia adalah gardening therapy. Terkait hal itu, program pengabdian masyarakat ini bertujuan untuk melakukan gardening therapy  guna meningkatkan status kognitif lansia di Panti Wreda Harapan Ibu, Semarang. Metode yang digunakan dalam program ini meliputi Pelatihan dengan metode ceramah dan praktik mendekteksi dini demensia dan  implementasi TAK. Hasilnya menunjukkan bahwa 14 lansia dengan penurunan status kognitif mengalami kenaikan score short portable  Mental State Examination(SPMSQ) dan terjadi peningkatan pengetahuan dan ketrampilan caregiver  dan lansia  dalam  melakukan  deteksi dini demensia dan  pelaksanaan gardening therapy. Gardening therapy   dapat menjadi alternatif intervensi dalam mencegah progresifitas demensia di Panti Wreda.


Keywords


Demensia; Gardening Theraphy; Lansia

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DOI: 10.30595/jppm.v3i2.4053

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ISSN: 2549-8347