Welfare State dalam Urgensi Land Banking di Indonesia
The high demand for housing has caused land prices to soar. This of course makes it difficult to build affordable housing for Low-Income Communities in urban areas. As a result, they will try to find a place to live as much as they can, such as by the river or railroad. Of course this is another problem in urban areas. Problems that can arise are flooding, environmental pollution, and the emergence of slum settlements. The alternative in solving this problem is the availability of land at an affordable price or with the Land Banking Principles to achieve community welfare. Based on the above background, the formulation of the problem can be described, namely how the Legal Characteristics of Land Banking and the application of Land Banking in Indonesia based on the Welfare State perspective. While the purpose of this research is of course to find and analyze the legal characteristics of Land Banking and to analyze and find the application of Land Banking in Indonesia from the perspective of Welfare State. This research is a normative juridical research or literature law research by examining existing literature, both primary and secondary legal materials, using a statutory and conceptual approach to later categorization and analysis.
Land bank is a land policy where there is state authority either from the government itself or from an independent institution that has the authority to acquire, manage, regulate and distribute abandoned land for public purposes according to government programs. The concept of Land Banking, which is a land policy where there is state authority either from the government itself or from an independent institution that has the authority to acquire, manage, regulate and distribute abandoned land for public purposes according to government programs. This concept can be said to be a concept as an attempt by the government to fulfill its obligations in order to achieve the welfare of society by making a policy. The government made a Land Banking policy because land is an important element for the community as a place to live. Meanwhile, the residence itself can be said to be the primary need of the community. So that if the primary needs are achieved, the welfare of the community will also be achieved. Of course, in this case the organizer of the Land Banking concept is expected to be the government itself, so that later this concept will not be shifted from the original goal, namely for the welfare of the community. In addition, it is hoped that the policy can be made in written form so as to guarantee legal certainty.Keywords: Welfare State, Land Banking, Society
Alexander, Frank S., Land Banking as Metropolitan Policy, Blueprint for American Prosperity, Brookings: Brookings Institute, 2008.
Annaningsih, S. W. “Penerapan Konsep Bank Tanah dalam Pembangunan Tanah Perkotaan.” Jurnal UNDIP tentang Masalah-Masalah Hukum, 36 No. 4, (2007)
Damen, Jack. “Land Banking in the Netherlands in the Context of Land Consolidation.” International Workshop: Land Banking/Land Funds as an Instrument for Improved Land Management for CEEC and CIS, 2004.
Ganindha, Ranitya. “Urgensi Pembentukan Kelembagaan Bank Tanah Sebagai Alternatif Penyediaan Tanah Bagi Masyarakat untuk Kepentingan Umum.” Arena Hukum. 9 No. 3 (2016).
Noegroho, Noegi. “Penerapan Konsep Land banking di Indonesia untuk Pembangunan Perumahan MBR di Kawasan Perkotaan”, Comtech. 3 No. 2, (2012).
Randy, Muhammad. “Identifikasi Kemampuan Dan Kemauan Membayar Sewa Masyarakat Berpenghasilan Rendah Terhadap Rumah Susun Sederhana Sewa Dan Faktor-Faktor Yang Mempengaruhinya.” Jurnal Perencanaan Wilayah dan Kota. 24 No. 2, (2013).
Riyandi, Saugi. “Di 2019, 5,4 Juta Orang Butuh Tempat Tinggal.” JawaPos.Com. https://www.jawapos.com/ekonomi/properti/14/08/2018/di-2019-54-juta-orang-butuh-tempat-tinggal/.
Schwarz, Laura. “The Neighborhood Stabilization Program: Land Banking and Rental Housing as Opportunities for Innovation.” Journal of Affordable Housing & Community Development Law. 19 No. 1, (2009).
Sitorus, Oloan. Pelepasan atau Penyerahan Hak atas Tanah Sebagai Cara Pengadaan Tanah. Jakarta: Dasamedia Utama, 2004.
Soekanto, Soerjono dan Mamudji, Sri. 2015. Penelitian Hukum Normatif: Suatu Tinjauan Singkat. Jakarta: Rajawali Press, 2015.
Soemardi. Teori Umum Hukum dan Negara: Dasar-Dasar Ilmu Hukum Normatif Sebagai Ilmu Hukum Deskriptif-Empirik. Bandung: Bee Media Indonesia, 2015.
Undang-Undang Dasar 1945
Undang-Undang No 5 Tahun 1960 Tentang Peraturan Dasar Pokok-Pokok Agraria
Zaelani, Muhammad Aziz dan Handayani, I Gusti Ketut Ayu Rachmi. “Antinomi Diskresi dalam Bentuk Freies Ermessen untuk Penyelenggaraan Pemerintahan Berwawasan Pancasila.” Jurnal Jurisprudence, 9 No. 1, (2019).
Zahra, Fatimah Al. “Konstruksi Hukum Pengaturan Bank Tanah Untuk Mewujudkan Pengelolaan Aset Tanah Negara Berkeadilan.” Jurnal Keadaban, 1 No. 1, (2019).
Copyright (c) 2021 Kosmik Hukum
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.