The differences in students’ attitudes and perceptions of NEST and NNEST

Reza Anggriyashati Adara

Abstract


Students might have different attitudes and perceptions of different types of teachers. The present study aims to analyse the differences in students’ attitudes as well as perceptions toward two different types of teachers; NEST (Native English Speaking Teachers) and NNEST (Non-Native English Speaking Teachers). The present study used a mixed method approach by distributing a set of questionnaires to sixty junior high school students and interviewing four of them. Despite showing relatively positive attitudes toward both teachers, the findings revealed that the participants paid more attention to NEST than NNEST. Although most participants do not think English should only be taught by NEST, there is a preference over NEST whom are considered as more effective in teaching speaking skills, pronunciation, and cultural knowledge. However, the participants show more relaxed attitudes when they were being taught by NNEST due to shared L1 as well as teachers’ knowledge in learning English as non-native speakers. In addition, NNEST were perceived as better teachers of grammar than NEST. Thus, both teachers should learn from each other to create a better learning environment for students. Besides that, teacher trainings should equip pre-service teachers with knowledge to overcome their weaknesses either as NEST or NNEST.


Keywords


attitudes, students' perceptions, NEST, NNEST

References


Abu-Melhim, A. R. (2009). Attitudes of Jordanian college students towards learning English as a foreign language. College Student Journal, 43(2), pp. 682.

Adara, R. A (2018) Students’ Motivation and Preferences toward Native and Non-Native English Speaking Teachers. Premise Journal, pp. 1-21. http://dx.doi.org/10.24127/pj.v7i1.1329

Albakrawi, M. H. T. (2014). Is there a difference between native and non-native Englis teachers in teaching English? Journal of Scientific Research and Studies, 16, pp.87-94.

Alghofaili, N. M., and Elyas, T. (2017). Decoding the Myths of the Native and Non-Native English Speakers Teachers (NESTs & NNESTs) on Saudi EFL Tertiary Students. English Language Teaching, 10(6), pp.1-11. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cedpsych.2010.08.001

Aslan, E., and Thompson, A. S. (2016). Are They Really “Two Different Species”? Implicitly Elicited Student Perceptions About NESTs and NNESTs. TESOL Journal, n/a-n/a. https://doi.org/10.1002/tesj.268

Benke, E., and Medgyes, P. (2005). Differences in teaching behaviour between native and nonnative speaker teachers: As seen by the learners. In E. Llurda (Ed.), Nonnative language teach teachers: Perceptions, challenges and contributions to the profession (pp. 195-215). New York, NY: Springer.

Boecher, Y. (2005) Native and Non-native English-Speaking Teacher Distinctions: From Dichotomy to Collaboration, The CATESOL Journal, pp.67-75.

Bradford, A. (2007). Motivational Orientations in Under-researched FLL Contexts: Findings from Indonesia. Relc Journal. 38, pp.302-323. 10.1177/0033688207085849.

Braine, G. (Ed.). (1999). Non-native educators in English language teaching. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.

Bueno, C. (2006). Native English teacher required. TESL-EJ,

Canagarajah, A. S. (1999). Interrogating the “native speaker fallacy”: Non-linguistic roots, non-pedagogical results. In G. Braine (Ed.), Non-native educators in English language teaching (pp. 77-92). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.

Chang, F.R. (2016). Taiwanese University Students’ Attitudes to Non-Native Speakers English Teachers. Teflin Journal, Retrieved 06 June 2018. Doi: Http://Dx.Doi.Org/10.15639/Teflinjournal.V27i1/46-62.

Cheng, C. (2009). EFL children’s Perceptions of and Attitudes towards English Accents: A Case in Taiwan. Unpublished master’s thesis. National Pingtung University of Education, Taiwan.

Cheung, Y. L., and Braine, G. (2007). The attitudes of university students towards non-native speaker English teachers in Hong Kong. RELC Journal, 38, pp. 257-277.

Clark, E., and Paran, A. (2007). The employability of non-native speaker teachers of EFL: A UK survey. System, 35, pp.407-430.

Csizér, K., and Dörnyei, Z. (2005). Language learners' motivational profiles and their motivated learning behaviour. Language Learning, 55(4), pp.613-659.

Davies, A. (1991) The Native Speaker in Applied Linguistics. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.

Davies, A. (2004). The native speaker in applied linguistics. In A. Davies and C. Elder (Eds.), The handbook of applied linguistics (pp. 431-450). Oxford, UK: Blackwell. Cheung, Y. L., and Braine, G. (2007). The attitudes of university students towards non-native speaker English teachers in Hong Kong. RELC Journal, 38, pp.257-277.

Deci, E. L., and Ryan, R. M. (1985). Intrinsic motivation and self-determination in human behavior. New York: Plenum.

Dörnyei, Z., and K. Csizer. (1998). ‘‘Ten Commandments for Motivating Language Learners: Results of an Empirical Study.’’ Language Teaching Research 2 (3), pp.203-229.

Drbseh, M.H. (2015) Motivation and attitudes towards learning English as a foreign language: a study of the Middle East Arab University students at Leeds University in UK. International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications (IJSRP), pp. 236-256.

Ellis, R. (1994). The Study of Second Language Acquisition. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Gardner, R. and Lambert, W. (1972). Attitudes and motivation in secondary language learning. Rowley: Newbury House.

Gardner, R. C. (1985). Social psychology and second language learning: The role of attitudes and motivation. London: Arnold.

Gardner, R. C. (2004). Attitude/Motivation Test Battery: International AMTB Research Project. Canada: The University of Western Ontario.

Jenkins, J. (2000). The phonology of English as an International Language. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Karahan. F. (2007). Language attitudes of Turkish students towards the English language and its use in Turkish context. Journal of Arts and sciences say, pp. 73-87.

Kelch, K., and Santana-Williamson, E. (2002). ESL students’ attitudes toward native- and non-native-speaking instructors’ accents. CATESOL Journal, 14 (1), pp.57-72.

Köseoğlu, Y. (2013) Motivational Orientations for Learning English: The Case of Turkish University Students. Journal of Emerging Trends in Educational Research and Policy Studies (JETERAPS) 4(5), pp. 800-806.

Lamb, M.V. (2007). The motivation of junior high school pupils to learn English in provincial Indonesia. PhD Thesis. University of Leeds.

Lasagabaster D., and Sierra J.M. (2005) What do Students Think about the Pros and Cons of Having a Native Speaker Teacher? In: Llurda E. (eds) Non-Native Language Teachers. Educational Linguistics, vol 5. Springer, Boston, MA.

Lasagabaster, D. and Sierra, J.M. (2002). University students’ perceptions of native and non-native speaker teachers of English. Language Awareness, 11, pp. 132–142.

Lennartsson, F. (2008). Students' motivation and attitudes towards learning a second language: British and Swedish students' points of view. http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:vxu:diva-2571.

Liang, K. (2002). English as a second language students’ attitudes toward nonnative English-speaking teachers’ accentedness (Unpublished master’s thesis) California State University, Los Angeles, CA.

Ling, C., and Braine, G. (2007). The attitudes of university students toward non-native speakers English teachers in Hong Kong. RELC Journal, 2007, 38, pp. 257. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0033688207085847

Lipovsky, C., and Mahboob, A. (2010). Appraisal of native and non-native English speaking teachers. In A. Mahboob (Ed.), The NNEST lens: Non-native English speakers in TESOL (pp. 154–179). England: Cambridge Scholars.

Liu, M., and Zhang, L. (2007). Student perceptions of native and non-native English teachers’ attitudes, teaching skills assessment and performance. Asian EFL Journal, 9(4), pp.157-166.

Luk, C. M. (2001). Exploring the sociocultural implications of the native English-speaker teacher scheme in Hong Kong through the eyes of the students. Asia-Pacific Journal of Language in Education, 4(2), pp.19-50.

Mahboob, A. (2003). Status of nonnative English-speaking teachers in the United States (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). Indiana University: Bloomington.

Mahboob, A. (2004). Native or Non-Native: What do the Students Think. In L. D. Kamhi-Stern (Ed.), Learning and Teaching from Experience (pp. 121–147). Michigan: University of Michigan Press.

Medgyes, P. (1994). The non-native teacher. England: Macmillan.

Medgyes, P. (1999). Language training: A neglected area in teacher education. In G. Braine (Ed.), Non-native educators in English language teaching (pp. 177-195). Mahwah: Lawrence Erlbaum.

Moussu, L. (2002). English as a second language students’ reactions to non-native English speaking teachers (Unpublished master’s thesis). Brigham Young University, Provo, UT. Retrieved from ERIC Document Reproduction Service (No. ED 468879).

Moussu, L. (2006). Native and non-native English speaking English as a second language teachers: Student attitudes, teacher self-perceptions, and intensive English program administrator beliefs and practices (Doctoral dissertation).

Moussu, L. (2010). Influence of teacher-contact time and other variables on ESL students’ attitudes towards native- and nonnative-English-speaking teachers. TESOL Quarterly, 44, pp.746-768.

Moussu, L., and Llurda, E. (2008). Non-native English-speaking English language teachers: History and research. Language Teaching, 41, pp. 315-348.

Nayar, P. B. (1994). Whose English is it? TESL-EJ, 1(1). Retrieved from http://www.tesl-ej.org/ej01/f.1.html.

Okuniewski, J. (2012). Polish secondary school students learning German: Motivation, orientations and attitudes. Psychology of Language and Communication, 16 (1), pp. 53-65.

Oroujlou, N., Vahedi, M. (2011). Motivation, attitude, and language learning, Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 29, pp. 994-1000.

Pacek, D. (2005). “Personality not nationality”: Foreign students’ perceptions of a non-native speaker lecturer of English at a British university. In E. Llurda (Ed.), Nonnative language teachers: Perceptions, challenges and contributions to the profession (pp. 243-261). New York: Springer.

Pae, T (2017) Effects of the differences between native and non-native English-speaking teachers on students’ attitudes and motivation toward learning English, Asia Pacific Journal of Education, 37 (2), pp.163-178, DOI: 10.1080/02188791.2016.1235012

Paikeday, T. M. (1985). May I kill the native speaker? TESOL Quarterly, 19, pp.390-395.

Phillipson, R. (1992a). Linguistic Imperialism. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Phillipson, R. (1992b). ELT: the native speaker's burden? ELT Journal Volume 461, pp.12-18.

Rampton, MBH (1990) Displacing the “native speaker”: expertise, affiliation, and inheritance’ ELT Journal 44 (2), pg. 97-101.

Rao, Z. (2010). Chinese students' perceptions of native English speaking teachers in EFL teaching. Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development, 31(1), pp. 55-68.

Rozak, A and Kuswardani, R. (2014) Students’ Perceptions Toward Native English Speaker Teacher’s (Nest) And Non-Native English Speaker Teacher’s (NNEST) Attitudes And Performances. Retain 3 (2), pp. 3-8.

Stern, H.H. (1983). Fundamental Concepts of Language Teaching. Oxford: OUP.

Stipek, D. (2002). Motivation to learn: Integrating theory and Practice. Boston: Massachusetts Needham Heights, MA: Allyan and .

Ushida, E. (2005). The role of students’ attitudes and motivation in second language learning in online language courses. CALICO Journal, 23 (1), pp. 49-78.

Walkinshaw, I and Oanh, D.H. (2014) Native and Non-Native English Language Teachers: Student Perceptions in Vietnam and Japan. SAGE Open, pp.1-9.

Walkinshaw, I. (2012). Native and Non-Native Speaking English Teachers in Vietnam: Weighing the Benefits. The Electronic Journal for English as a Second Language. Vol. 16(3), pp. 1-17.

Walkinshaw, I., and Duong, O. T. H. (2012). Native- and non-native speaking English teachers in Vietnam: Weighing up the benefits. TESL-EJ, 16 (3), pp.1-17.

Wu, K.-H., and Ke, C. (2009). Haunting native speakerism? Students’ perceptions toward native speaking English teachers in Taiwan. English Language Teaching, 2 (3), pp.44-52.

Zhao, L. (2015) The Influence of Learners’ Motivation and Attitudes on Second Language Teaching. Theory and Practice in Language Studies, 5 (11), pp.2333-2339.

Zhou, D and Hou, L. (2015). An Investigation of Freshmen’ Attitudes toward Their Native and Nonnative English Teachers. Proceedings of the 2015 International Conference on Education, Management and Computing Technology, pp. 1328-1331.


Full Text: PDF

DOI: 10.30595/lks.v13i2.4654

Copyright (c) 2019 LEKSIKA

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

ISSN: 2620-4037