KORELASI PENGUKURAN ANTROPOMETRI TERHADAP KADAR TRIGLISERIDA PADA DEWASA MUDA

Bernahdea Wikan Pangesti, Diah Intan Sari, Fenty Fenty

Abstract


ABSTRAK

Antropometri adalah metode pengukuran yang dapat menggambarkan distribusi lemak tubuh dan sebagai prediktor terkait obesitas. Obesitas berhubungan dengan peningkatan kadar trigliserida dalam darah. Pengukuran antropometri seperti indeks masa tubuh/IMT, lingkar pinggang/LP dan rasio lingkar pinggang panggul/RLPP sering digunakan untuk mengetahui keadaan obesitas pada seseorang. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui korelasi pengukuran antropometri terhadap kadar trigliserida dalam darah. Penelitian ini merupakan studi observasional analitik dengan rancangan potong-lintang. Responden penelitian adalah mahasiswa dan mahasiswi di Kampus III Universitas Sanata Dharma Yogyakarta yang dipilih menggunakan teknik purposive sampling. Data yang diperoleh berupa data indek masa tubuh, lingkar pinggang, dan rasio lingkar pinggang panggul serta kadar trigliserida yang selanjutnya diolah secara statistik dengan uji normalitas dan dilanjutkan dengan uji korelasi Spearman dengan taraf kepercayaan 95%. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan pengukuran IMT dan LP mempunyai korelasi positif bermakna dengan kekuatan korelasi sedang terhadap kadar trigliserida dalam darah (r:0435 & r:0,442; p:0,000) pada wanita dewasa muda. Pengukuran IMT, LP, dan RLPP mempunyai korelasi positif bermakna dengan kekuatan korelasi lemah terhadap kadar trigliserida dalam darah (r:0,288; r:0,307; r:0,343, p<0,05) pada pria dewasa muda.

Kata kunci: antropometri, trigliserida, dewasa muda.

ABSTRACT

Anthropometry is a simple method to indicate distribution of fat body and can be used as a obesity predictor. Obesity is associated with elevated level of trygliseride in the blood. Anthropometry measurement like BMI, waist circumference, and waist to hip ratio often were used for knowing obesity status of a person. The aim of this study is to find correlation between anthropometry measurement with level of triglyceride in the blood. This study is an analytic observational study with cross sectional study design. Non-random and purposive sampling technique was used to collect the respondents. Respondents were students of Sanata Dharma University. Waist circumference, waist to hip circumference, BMI, and trygliseride levels were measured. Data was analyzed statistically with normality test and followed by Spearman correlation test with 95% confidence interval. The result of this study, from 69 adolescents women and 60 adolescents men, there is a moderate significant positive correlation between BMI, waist circumference, toward trygliseride levels (r=0.435; r=0.442 p=0.000) in adolescents women. There is a weak significant positive correlation between BMI, waist circumference, waist to hip ratio toward trygliseride levels (r=0.288; r= 0.307, r=0.343, p<0.05) in anthropometry adolescents men.

Key words: anthropometry, trygliseride levels, adolescent.

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DOI: 10.30595/pji.v11i2.835

ISSN: 2579-910X