Psychological Well-Being of Patients with Breast Cancer: A Descriptive Study

S. Widyaningsih, A. Istifaraswati

Abstract


The mental impact of cancer on patients is often severe. Patients who have been recently diagnosed with breast cancer tend to experience depression, emotional stress, disappointment, and even despair which later can damage their psychological well-being. This study aims to describe Psychological Well-being among breast cancer patients.134 breast cancer patients were recruited at the Out Patient Department (OPD) of Tugurejo Hospital Semarang city, Indonesia. The data were collected using Ryff Scale Psychological Well-being (RSPWB) questionnaire. Most of the respondents were middle-aged, married, unemployed and had been diagnosed with early stadium of breast cancer. Results showed approximately half of the total respondents (n=64%, 47.8%) experiencing low levels of psychological well-being over the entire period of the sickness. Among four subscales of psychological well-being, “positive relationship with others” subscale was reported to be very low among those respondents. However, almost two thirds of respondents perceived a higher degree of self-acceptance and life purpose while experiencing the illness. Nurses and healthcare providers need to be aware of the importance of counseling service and family/patients support group to improve the relationship of patients with others.

Keywords: psychological well-being, breast cancer


References


American Cancer Society. (2016). Breast Cancer Facts & Figures; 2015- 2016.

Amin, M. M. (2008). Sindrom depresif pada penderita kanker payudara. USU e-Repository

Dwipayama. (2010). Penerapan rational emotive behavior therapy. Journal psychology.

Fiorera. (2018). Studi Desktiptid Psychological Well Being Pada Penderita Kanker Payudara di Komunits 3C Kota Bandung. Journal Psikologi.

Fratiwi, O. (2014). Analisis Dampak Psikologis Pengobatan Kanker Payudara di Rs Dr. Wahidin Sudirohusodo Kota Makassar.

Hasson, O., Goldzweig, G. Braun, M., & Galinsky, D. (2010). Women with advanced breast and their spouses; Diversity of support and psychological. Psychooncology, 19(11), 1195-204. doi: 10.1002/pon.1678.

Huppert, F. A. (2009). Psychological well-being: Evidence regarding its causes and consequences. Applied Psychology: Health and Well-Being, (1) 2, 137-164 doi:10.1111/j.1758-0854.2009.01008.x

Indrati, R. (2014). Faktor Faktor Risiko Yang berpengaruh Terhadap Kejadian kanker Payudara Wanita.

Liao, M.M, Chen, S.C. (2012). Changes and Predictors of Unmet Suppotive Care Needs in Taiwanese Women With Newly Diagnosed Breast Cancer. Oncology Nursing Forum.

Magfirah. (2012). Penerapan Well-Being Therapy Untuk Meningkatkan Psychological Well-Being Pada Penderita Kanker Payudara

Mahleda, M., & Hartini. (2012). Post-traumatic growth pada pasien kanker payudara pasca mastektomi usia dewasa madya. Jurnal Psikologu Klinis dan Kesehatan Mental, 1(2), 67-71p.

Putri, F. O. (2012). Hubungan Antara Gratitude Dan Psychological Wellbeing Pada Mahasiswa. Universitas Indonesia: Depok.

Ryff, C.D. (1995). Psychological well-being in adult life. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 4, 99-104. doi: 10.1111/1467-8721.ep10772395

Ryff, C. D., & Singer, B.H. (2006). Know thyself and become what you are: A eudaemonic approach to psychological well-being. Journal of Happiness Studies, 13-39

Sitepu, Y. E., & Wahyuni, S. E. (2018). Gambaran tingkat stres, ansietas, dan depresi pada pasien kanker payudara yang menjalani kemoterapi di RSUP H. Adam Malik Medan. Talenta Conference Series, 107-113

Sugianto. (2010). Model-model pembelajaran inovatif. Surakarta: Yuma Pustaka.

Wahidyanti. (2017). Pengaruh Logoterapi Terhadap Kesejahteraan Psikologis Pada Pasien Kanker Payudara Di Rumah Sakit Tk Ii Dr. Soepraoen Malang.

Wawan, A., & Dewi, D. (2011). Teori dan pengukuran pengetahuan sikap dan perilaku manusia. Nuha Medika: Yogyakarta.

Winefield, H. R., Gill, T. K., Taylor, A. W., & Pilkington, R. M. (2012). Phychological well-being and psychological distress: Is it ncessary to measure both?. Psychology of Well-Being: Theory, Research and Practice, 2.

World Health Organization. (2018). International Agency for Research on Cancer. Latest global cancer data: Cancer burden rises to 18.1 million new cases and 9.3 million cancer deaths in 2018. Accessed April 2018. https://www.iarc.fr/featured-news/latest-global-cancer-data-cancer-burden-rises-to-18-1-million-new-cases-and-9-6-million-cancer-deaths-in-2018/


Full Text: PDF

DOI: 10.30595/st.v16i2.7125

ISSN: 2686-0546