Flouting Maxims of Politeness in Utterances

Aulia Nisa Khusnia

Abstract


This paper dealt with the politeness principle by focusing framework of politeness. It addressed the interrelationship politeness as a strategic device in political practices. The paper discussed about politeness as forms of behavior that establish and maintain comity. That was the ability of participants in a social interaction to engage in interaction in an atmosphere of relative harmony. Politeness as a theoretical construct were clearly addressed and acknowledged in the research. The flouting maxims of politeness could be shown in the data. The indirect strategies as stated by Beebe Takashi and Ulis Weltz (1990) were used as the guide of analyzing the data. The strategies were described as strategies in utterances that were used of both candidates, Mc Cain and Obama. The data were utterances of both presidential candidates in some campaigns. Those showed some strategies such as statement of negative consequences strategy, critic strategy, disagreement strategy, and sarcasm strategy. Those strategies were used for some purposes, such as: attacking opponents’ program, underestimating the interlocutor, and comparing the programs. In another hand, flouting maxims were found such as generosity maxim, approbation maxim, and agreement maxim which have some purposes. The purposes are to give benefit to speaker, to praise the speaker, and to dispraise others (interlocutor).

Keywords: politeness, utterances, maxim of politeness and strategies.

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